Strategies for successful reading comprehension uo people (2023)

Our world is filled with a wide variety of people, including all types of readers. Some of us struggle to really extract and understand what we're reading, while other seasoned readers don't think twice about our innate reading comprehension strategies. It is important to understand that the ultimate goal of reading is comprehension and that it cannot be done passively - it is an interactive and strategic process that needs to be internalized and personalized.

Anyone can master this complex skill with patience, and here's how.

Understanding: Why do we read?

Have you ever thought about why we read? While on the surface the obvious answer may be to enjoy, ultimately we read to understand what we read. The more advanced and experienced readers often fail to appreciate their innate abilities, but reading is actually a very strategic and interactive process.

What are some reading comprehension strategies?

Reading comprehension strategies are critical to helping students focus on what they are learning and actively thinking about what they are reading. Here are some of the best reading strategies for success.

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Be aware of what you know and what you don't know

When reading, it can be very helpful to use the information that is available to help you understand the text as a whole and to provide a framework for the text. This is a key strategy for reading comprehension.

make predictions

While we've always been told never to judge a book by its cover, making predictions about a text can help with reading comprehension strategies to create expectations for what's to come. These predictions are subject to change as the reader proceeds.

Thinking about thinking and taking notes

While this might sound strange and quite confusing, it's actually pretty simple!

Take control of your thoughts and reflect on your thought process and how and why it works the way it does. Taking notes can seriously help you stay on track and can serve as a useful tool later.

Summarize main ideas – What is the goal?

By summarizing the main ideas of a text and putting it into our own words, it can help us betterunderstand what we read.

ask questions and give answers

Like everything in life, we need to constantly ask ourselves questions. Both questions and answers can help us focus on the meaning of a text.

Visualize the settings and focus on the structure

Illustrations such as pictures, graphs, or charts can be helpful for the reader to make up their own mind while reading, even if there aren't any.

Working together – Cooperative conversation

By engaging in regular discussions, students can share problems and ask questions about what they have read and can support each other, each adding what they learned from the text.

Reading comprehension strategies for narrative texts

Create a Story Map: Break down the structure

A story map that breaks down the structure of a piece of text can be very helpfulconducive to student success, including identification of the setting, characters, plot and theme. This can help give a clearer picture of what the text entails.

use your own words

By retelling a text in your own words, it forces you to draw your own conclusions and in turn really understand what you just read.

Use hints and read between the lines

Readers can use clues such as the story title to make predictions about the text and make sense of what they are reading.

Answering questions

It's important to ask a variety of questions about the text that will force you to answer it in a variety of ways, such as: B. by using existing knowledge to answer.

Reading comprehension strategies for explanatory texts

What is explanatory text?

If you've never heard of this type of text - don't worry. An explanatory text explains both concepts and facts with the aim of explaining and informing the reader.

Generally, such text contains clear visual cues, including headings and subheadings, to mark the structure of the information.

In fact, an example of explanatory text would be this very article you are reading right now - which, as you can see, contains all the explanatory text elements - such as images, headlines, subheadings and overall a clear structure.

Tap on the main ideas

Addressing the main ideas with an abstract that includes the most important details of the text can allow readers to better understand the text without feeling overwhelmed by large amounts of information.

Break it up visually with graphic organizers

Graphic organizers can help convey a visual idea of ​​the key concepts in a piece of text. By presenting them in a graphic, visual form, it can help readers remember them and understand them on a deeper level.

What are some reading comprehension programs?

There are many reading comprehension programs out there to help students improve their skills and practice these important strategies!

Some of these programs include:Read Naturally Liveand Read Naturally Encore, which are mostly independent. There's also Read Naturally GATE, which is primarily teacher-led.

Some of these programs are available as audio programs, others are applications that can be used on your smartphone, and still others are printed books with additional audio support.

How can reading comprehension strategies be effective?

Clear explanations

When teachers explain to students why certain strategies are important and can contribute to comprehension, it can help make those reading comprehension strategies more effective.

Monkey see, monkey do

Monkeys aren't the only creatures to mimic what they see. When a teacher demonstrates how to use a reading strategy correctly, it can help students do the same.

Practice creates masters

It is important that these strategies are practicedtogether in classso that the students can learn to do it themselves eventually.

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Why is it important to teach reading strategies?

The ability to thoroughly understand a text is the ultimate goal of reading and is needed to acquire new knowledge and express ideas through writing and discussion.

Reading comprehension is demonstrated by individuals who are able to assess situations, relate new information to what they already know, and adapt that knowledge accordingly.

Those with good reading comprehension are also able to touch on the main points of a text and read between the lines.

What are some other useful reading comprehension tips?

Read actively

There are many ways to improve your reading comprehension, and it's also a never-ending process.

One of the best ways to improve is to actively focus on reading – that is, engaging in reading as much as possible, perhaps taking notes as you read or even highlighting certain parts of text. Even stopping and asking yourself questions as you read can be helpful. Often we read in a passive way, simply reading and re-reading the text without a clearly defined purpose.

Prepare yourself

To successfully ensure you're reading as actively as possible, know your purpose before you start reading. Determine what you know and what you are about to read. Consider how the text relates to other course material and why it was assigned to you.

Monitor yourself as you read

When it comes to reading, you are your own boss and the only one who can control whether it is effective or not.

If you find that your thoughts are starting to drift in other directions - like what you just saw on social media or what you're going to eat for a snack - it might help to have those needs met, such as a set amount of time, until you are ready to give this text your undivided attention.

Your work is never done - dig deeper!

When you're done reading, the chapter will continue! There are many effective reading comprehension strategies that can help you understand a text after you've finished reading it and help you remember the text longer-term.

Some ways to continue the process include writing a summary or outline of the text, discussing the text with a classmate, or even calling a family member with no prior context to the text to tell them everything you just read. Consider asking yourself some key questions about the text, or even creating a concept map that illustrates the text for yourself.


Strategies for successful reading comprehension uo people? ›

To improve students' reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing.

What are the 7 strategies in reading comprehension? ›

To improve students' reading comprehension, teachers should introduce the seven cognitive strategies of effective readers: activating, inferring, monitoring-clarifying, questioning, searching-selecting, summarizing, and visualizing-organizing.

What are the 4 C's for reading comprehension? ›

The 4 Cs represent these four perspectives—connections, challenges, concepts, and changes. The paraphrasing encourages and affirms good listening and summarizing skills.

What are the big six reading comprehension strategies? ›

Research has shown that there are six key components that contribute to successful beginning reading. Because of the importance of these components, they have become known as the 'Big Six': oral language, phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency and comprehension.

What are the 3 effective reading strategies? ›

The three different types of reading strategies are skimming, scanning, and in-depth reading.

What are the three best comprehension strategies? ›

Key Comprehension Strategies to Teach
  • Activating and Using Background Knowledge. ...
  • Generating and Asking Questions. ...
  • Making Inferences. ...
  • Predicting. ...
  • Summarizing. ...
  • Visualizing. ...
  • Comprehension Monitoring.

What is effective comprehension strategies? ›

think about what they already know before they start reading and during reading; be aware of whether they understand what they are reading; employ strategies to identify difficult words, concepts, and ideas; ask themselves: "Does this make sense?"; and. be aware of how a particular text is organized.

How can I read faster and improve my comprehension? ›

How to Read Faster and Improve Comprehension
  1. Think FAST.
  2. Use a Visual Pacer.
  3. Indent.
  4. Reduce Eye Fixations.
  5. Reduce Subvocalization.
  6. Practice the 4-3-2-1 Speed Drill.
  7. Skim Before Reading.
  8. Ask Questions Before Reading.
Apr 5, 2021

What is the 321 strategy in reading comprehension? ›

A 3-2-1 prompt helps students structure their responses to a text, film, or lesson by asking them to describe three takeaways, two questions, and one thing they enjoyed. It provides an easy way for teachers to check for understanding and to gauge students' interest in a topic.

What is the fastest way to answer reading comprehension questions? ›

How to answer comprehension questions – Step-by-step
  1. Identify and restate the keywords in the question.
  2. Present your answer.
  3. Incorporate your evidence.
  4. Explain your example.
  5. Conclude your response.

What is the 4 square reading comprehension strategy? ›

To practice the Four-Square Strategy, draw a large square on a fresh page of your vocabulary notebook and divide the square into four smaller squares. Then draw a circle right in the middle. In the circle, write the vocabulary word. In the top left square, write its definition in your own words.

What are 2 active reading strategies? ›

Active reading
  • Underline or highlight key words and phrases as you read. ...
  • Make annotations in the margin to summarise points, raise questions, challenge what you've read, jot down examples and so on. ...
  • Read critically by asking questions of the text.

What are the two useful reading strategies? ›

Skimming and scanning are reading techniques that use rapid eye movement and keywords to move quickly through text for slightly different purposes. Skimming is reading rapidly in order to get a general overview of the material. Scanning is reading rapidly in order to find specific facts.

What is the best intervention for struggling readers? ›

The most commonly used strategy to improve reading fluency is the reading and rereading of familiar texts. Opportunities to read aloud, with guidance from teachers, peers or parents, are also associated with the development of fluent reading.

How do you motivate students to read comprehension? ›

Read aloud to your students on a regular basis. Play audiobooks in your classroom and discuss the narrator's choices around tone, rhythm, and speed. Take a fieldtrip to listen to an author reading or invite an author to read at your school. Have your students read aloud too—and let them choose the books or articles.

What are the solution for difficulty in reading comprehension? ›

Visualizing or picturing what they are reading, Making predictions about what will come next in the text, Looking back for keywords and rereading in order to clarify or answer questions, and. Thinking aloud to model the strategies and thought processes needed for comprehension.

What are the three big barriers to comprehension? ›

What Impacts Reading Comprehension? In my mind there are three barriers that stand in the way of students understanding what they read. These are background knowledge, the ability to multitask, and vocabulary.

Can reading comprehension be improved? ›

Because reading comprehension is a skill that improves like any other, you can improve your understanding with practice and a game plan. Dedicate yourself to engaging in a combination of both "guided" and "relaxed" reading practice for at least two to three hours a week.

What is the least effective way for improving reading comprehension? ›

Round Robin, sometimes called Popcorn Reading, is not an effective reading strategy. It can cause embarrassment to students who struggle with reading, cause them to be less focused on the content of the text, and instead focused on the text that they will need to read once it is their turn to read aloud.

What is the most important factor in comprehension? ›

Comprehension: Theory and Strategies
1 .The most important factor in comprehension is quality of questions asked. clarity of the piece being read. reader's background. length of selection.
6 .According to research, the most effective comprehension strategy is inferring. predicting. summarizing. repairing.
24 more rows

Why is my reading comprehension so weak? ›

Some major causes of poor reading comprehension include ADHD, dyslexia, difficult text, limited vocabulary, working memory deficit, and more. You may also have trouble comprehending what you're reading if you are disinterested or bored.

How can you improve effective reading competence? ›

How to improve your reading skills
  1. Set aside time to read each day. One of the most effective ways to build your skills is to practice. ...
  2. Set reading goals. ...
  3. Preview the texts you read. ...
  4. Determine the purpose. ...
  5. Apply key reading strategies. ...
  6. Take notes while you read. ...
  7. Apply what you read by summarizing.
Feb 23, 2023

What are the 3 main types of reading strategies? ›

There are three different styles of reading academic texts: skimming, scanning, and in-depth reading. Each is used for a specific purpose.

What are the 8 reading strategies? ›

Key Comprehension Strategies to Teach
  • Activating and Using Background Knowledge. ...
  • Generating and Asking Questions. ...
  • Making Inferences. ...
  • Predicting. ...
  • Summarizing. ...
  • Visualizing. ...
  • Comprehension Monitoring.


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